Public and Regulatory
Mathew Gullick accepts instructions in a wide range of public law matters. He was appointed to the Attorney-General's A Panel of Junior Counsel to the Crown in civil matters in September 2016, after eight years on the B and C Panels.
In the immigration field, Mathew is regularly instructed to appear in the Court of Appeal, the Administrative Court and the Upper Tribunal on behalf of the Secretary of State, and has been involved in numerous unlawful detention claims and deportation appeals. He has extensive experience of Points-Based System cases, having been instructed on several major appeals relating to the Post-Study Work route and its closure in April 2012. He undertakes both claimant and defendant work.
Indicative immigration law cases are:
R (on the application of Idira) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 1187,  1 WLR 1694 - detention in prison, under immigration powers, of time-served foreign national offender pending his deportation did not breach Article 5 ECHR.
Mandalia v Secretary of State for the Home Department  UKSC 59,  1 WLR 4546 - application of the evidential flexibility policy to Points-Based System applications; meaning of document missing from a sequence or series.
R (on the application of Giri) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 784,  1 WLR 4418 - Wednesbury review the correct approach to judicial review challenging findings of fact made in a decision under the Immigration Rules; no ‘heightened civil standard of proof’ in relation to findings of dishonesty.
R (on the applications of Mehmood and Ali) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 744,  1 WLR 461 - lead appeal in the litigation arising from the ETS language testing scandal; removal decision under s.10 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 invalidated leave extended by s.3C of the Immigration Act 1971; no ‘special or exceptional factors’ existed justifying recourse to judicial review where out-of-country statutory appeal available.
PF (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 251,  1 WLR 5235 - correct approach to exercise of the ‘casting vote’ by presiding member of a panel of the First-tier Tribunal; Upper Tribunal hearing statutory appeal for error of law had no jurisdiction to consider legitimate expectation argument arising from Home Office’s actions after the First-tier Tribunal’s decision.
Bogdanic v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWHC 2872 (Admin) - wording would be implied into the relevant commencement order, which contained a drafting error, to indicate that amendments to the civil penalty regime for carriers of clandestine entrants applied to immigration control zones in France as well as those in the United Kingdom.
SE (Zimbabwe) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 256,  Imm AR 855 - prospects of rehabilitation in receiving country versus prospects in the UK not relevant to Article 8 ECHR balancing exercise when considering deportation of foreign criminal.
Syed & Others v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 196 - ACCA Professional Level Qualification was not a “UK recognised bachelor or postgraduate degree” so did not qualify for the award of points under the Tier 1 (Post-Study Work) route in the Immigration Rules; role of UK NARIC in assessing the level of non-degree qualifications obtained in the UK.
R (on the application of Muazu) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (JR/5068/2013) - whether claimant’s asylum claim based on fear of terrorist group in Nigeria had been correctly held to have no realistic prospect of success; whether further immigration decision refusing leave to enter was required when the claimant’s removal was aborted and he had been returned to the UK.
R (on the applications of Muazu and Adda) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWHC 3764 (Admin) - detention of immigration detainees refusing food, fluid and medical treatment was not contrary to Home Office policy and was lawful under Articles 2 and 3 ECHR.
Nasim & Others (Raju: Reasons not to follow?)  UKUT 610 (IAC) - whether Court of Appeal’s decision in Raju could be distinguished on grounds including legitimate expectation, evidential flexibility and applications having been ‘varied’.
Secretary of State for the Home Department v Raju & Others  EWCA Civ 754,  1 WLR 1768 - whether applicants under the Tier 1 (Post-Study Work) route in the Immigration Rules qualified for leave to remain when they had not obtained their degrees at the date of application.
Mathew has also appeared for the Justice Secretary in prison law challenges and in cases involving challenges to refusals of applications for compensation for miscarriages of justice under the statutory scheme in the Criminal Justice Act 1988.
Notable cases include:
R (on the applications of Nealon and Hallam) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWCA Civ 355.  3 WLR 329 - Article 6.2 ECHR not applicable to decisions to refuse award under statutory compensation scheme for miscarriages of justice; scheme would not breach Article 6.2 even if applicable. This case is currently on appeal to the UK Supreme Court and is due to be heard there in 2018.
R (on the applications of Clark and Drury) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 2383 (Admin) - relevance of Crown Prosecution Service’s decision to abandon prosecutions at a re-trial following quashing of convictions by the Court of Appeal.
R (on the application of Andukwa) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 3988 (Admin),  ACD 54 - where a conviction was reversed on the ground that there had been an available statutory defence which had been overlooked at trial, there was no ‘new or newly discovered fact’ and so compensation was not payable.
R (on the application of Hussain) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 1452 (Admin),  ACD 117 - Category A prisoner not entitled to an oral hearing of his annual categorisation review; request for an oral hearing should have been made before the review was undertaken, not afterwards.
R (on the application of Adetoro) v Secretary of State for Justice  EWHC 2576 (Admin),  ACD 16 - lawfulness of decision to revoke earlier decision accepting Parole Board recommendation for move of Category A prisoner to open conditions.
In Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v Cattrell  EWCA Civ 572, Mathew acted for the successful respondent in an appeal by the Secretary of State arising from the acceptance by the First-Tier and Upper Tribunals that there was no work that would be reliably safe for her as a result of a severe allergy, so that she was entitled to incapacity benefit. He has also advised on other benefit-related appeals and judicial review proceedings, and has appeared (for the successful appellant) in the Upper Tribunal (Administrative Appeals Chamber) in a rare oral hearing of an appeal.
Another area of interest is all aspects of the law relating to elections and political parties, especially electoral procedure and the law on political donations, as well as local government law, particularly the powers and duties of local authorities. Mathew acted for the appellant in Moss v KPMG LLP  EWHC 2923 (Admin), a statutory appeal against the refusal of an auditor to apply for a declaration that an item in a local authority’s accounts covering income received from penalty charge notices levied on motorists was unlawful.
Mathew was a member of the pro bono team of barristers who appeared for the claimant in R (Compton) v Wiltshire PCT  EWHC 1824 (Admin), in which the decisions of the Primary Care Trust in respect of facilities at Savernake Hospital in Marlborough were challenged. Cranston J's judgment set out the principles to be applied where it is alleged that the decisions of public authorities are vitiated by apparent bias on the part of their advisers.
A further area of Mathew’s public law practice is costs. Prior to the trial in the Savernake Hospital case, Mathew acted for the claimant in the High Court and in the Court of Appeal in R (Compton) v Wiltshire PCT  EWCA Civ 749,  1 WLR 1436, in which he obtained two protective costs orders which were both upheld on appeal. He has also successfully resisted applications for protective costs orders and advised on costs in several judicial review claims, including in one instance on an application for costs totalling more than £500,000.
Mathew has been published in Criminal Law Review (twice) on prison-related topics and also has published work relating to electoral law. Prior to joining 3PB he won numerous prizes for his work on public law including the Lee Essay Prize (Gray's Inn) for an essay on the impact of the Human Rights Act.
Asset and Tax Recovery
Mathew Gullick’s asset forfeiture work has seen him appear in the Supreme Court and in both divisions of the Court of Appeal, as well as the Crown Court. He also has experience of drafting and appearing in proceedings relating to restraint and enforcement receivership orders and in contempt of court proceedings arising from breaches of restraint orders.
In R v Ahmad and R v Fields  UKSC 36,  AC 299, Mathew appeared for the Home Secretary (led by First Treasury Counsel) in what is now the leading case on the approach to be applied in confiscation proceedings when offenders have benefited jointly from their crime, the Court in its judgment reviewing the case law and explaining the effect of the seminal judgment of Lord Bingham in R v May on this point as well as dealing with the approach to be applied in situations of potential “multiple recovery”.
In Minshall v (1) HM Revenue and Customs (2) Crown Prosecution Service  EWCA Civ 741,  Lloyd’s Rep FC 515, he appeared for the CPS in the Court of Appeal in a case involving a claim for restitution of the sum paid under a confiscation order arising from a decision of the European Court of Human Rights in 2011 that there had been unreasonable delay (and a breach of Article 6(1) ECHR) in the criminal appeal proceedings, which had finally concluded in February 2006. The Court held that the European Court’s decision provided no basis for such a claim and that the confiscation order was final and conclusive.
Mathew has also appeared in the Court of Appeal in R v Lambert & Walding  EWCA Crim 421,  2 Cr App R (S) 90 and R v Sivaraman  EWCA Crim 1736,  1 Cr App R (S) 80, on the principles to be applied to the calculation of an offender’s “benefit” under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and in RCPO v Deprince  EWCA Civ 512, an innocent wife’s claim to a beneficial interest in the marital home which was subject to confiscation which also raised issues under the Human Rights Act.
Mathew’s civil practice, which covers both commercial and employment law, enables him to bring expertise from these other areas of practice into the sphere of asset forfeiture work. In addition, costs-only work is a significant element of Mathew’s general practice which he is keen to develop in the asset forfeiture context. He is particularly interested in the jurisprudence on the definition of “benefit” under the confiscation legislation following the House of Lords’ decision in the trio of cases led by R v May, and has lectured on this topic.
Mathew is a member of the Proceeds of Crime Lawyers Association (POCLA). He was appointed to the Attorney-General's A Panel of Junior Counsel to the Crown in civil matters in September 2016. He is a contributor to Millington and Sutherland Williams on the Proceeds of Crime (Fourth Edition, 2013 and Fifth Edition, forthcoming) (Oxford University Press).
- MA (Oxon)
- Dip Law (City)
- Mould Senior Scholarship (Gray's Inn, 2003)
- Phillips Senior Award (Gray's Inn, 2003)
- Birkenhead Junior Award (Gray's Inn, 2002)
- The Lee Essay Prize (Gray's Inn, 2003)
- First Prize, The Graham Turnbull Memorial International Human Rights Essay Competition (Law Society, 2003)
- First Prize, The Times Law Awards (2002)
- The City University Prize for Public Law (2002)
Professional qualifications & appointments
- Attorney-General's Junior Counsel to the Crown (A Panel)
- Constitutional and Administrative Law Bar Association (ALBA)
- Employment Law Bar Association (ELBA)
- Employment Lawyers Association
- London Common Law and Commercial Bar Association
- Proceeds of Crime Lawyers' Association